Jumat, 29 Mei 2009

KML2SHP - Keyhole Markup Language (KML) to Shapefile (SHP)

KML2SHP - Keyhole Markup Language (KML) to Shapefile (SHP)

Keyhole Markup Language (KML) is an XML-based language schema for expressing geographic annotation and visualization on existing or future Web-based, two-dimensional maps and three-dimensional Earth browsers. KML was developed for use with Google Earth, which was originally named Keyhole Earth Viewer. It was created by Keyhole, Inc, which was acquired by Google in 2004. The name "Keyhole" is an homage to the KH reconnaissance satellites, the original eye-in-the-sky military reconnaissance system first launched in 1976.

source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KML


KML is a file format used to display geographic data in an Earth browser such as Google Earth, Google Maps, and Google Maps for mobile. KML uses a tag-based structure with nested elements and attributes and is based on the XML standard. All tags are case-sensitive and must be appear exactly as they are listed in the KML Reference. The Reference indicates which tags are optional. Within a given element, tags must appear in the order shown in the Reference. If you're new to KML, explore this document and the accompanying samples files (SamplesInEarth and SamplesInMaps) to begin learning about the basic structure of a KML file and the most commonly used tags. The first section describes features that can be created with the Google Earth user interface. These features include placemarks, descriptions, ground overlays, paths, and polygons. The second section describes features that require authoring KML with a text editor. When a text file is saved with a .kml or .kmz extension, Earth browsers know how to display it.

source : http://code.google.com/apis/kml/documentation/kml_tut.html


The ESRI Shapefile or simply a shapefile is a popular geospatial vector data format for geographic information systems software. It is developed and regulated by ESRI as a (mostly) open specification for data interoperability among ESRI and other software products.[1] A "shapefile" commonly refers to a collection of files with ".shp", ".shx", ".dbf", and other extensions on a common prefix name (e.g., "lakes.*"). The actual shapefile relates specifically to files with the ".shp" extension, however this file alone is incomplete for distribution, as the other supporting files are required. Shapefiles spatially describe geometries: points, polylines, and polygons. These, for example, could represent water wells, rivers, and lakes, respectively. Each item may also have attributes that describe the items, such as the name or temperature.

source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shapefile

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Keyhole Markup Language (KML) to Shapefile(SHP)

http://arcscripts.esri.com/details.asp?dbid=15175KML2Shape

KML to Shapefile conversion. Works in batch and single file mode. Imports "NAME" attribute as well as geometry. Extracts polygons, lines, points (as well as their 3D versions) separately, so if KML contains several types of objects you'll need to use polygons, lines, points menu items one after the other.

or this one:

http://www. 4shared. com/file/59617529/b74d231b/kml2shp.html

Online Kml2shp file conversion from zonums :

http://www.zonums.com/online/kml2shp.php

Kml2shp file conversion
Need of transferring Google Earth Data to a GIS? Kml2shp transforms KML

files into ESRI Shapefiles.

The KML file could contain Points, Paths and Polygons. When creating SHP
files the information is separated into thematic layers.

For each shapefile (shp), an attributes table (dbf) and index file (shx) are
created.

The kml to shp conversion consists of three steps:

1) Open KML file
2) Choose Shape Type
3) Select output Shapefile name

Optionally, you can change from WGS84 to a local datum and from Lat/Lon to
UTM.

Also, Kml2shp can export to AutoCAD (DXF) and GPS (GPX)

source : http://www.zonums.com/kml2shp.html


Best Regards,

Aji Putra Perdana

2 komentar:

  1. kml2shp dari zonum sudah tidak aktif lagi, mungkin ada link yang lain?

    BalasHapus
  2. kml2shp dari zonum sdh tdk berfungsi lg

    BalasHapus